Tag Archives: Mark 12:28-34

FAQ’s of Faith: What’s Most Important?

(a sermon for March 11, 2018, the Fourth Sunday in Lent; fourth in a series, based on Mark 12:28-34)

I have to say that for me one of the great parts of the study of scripture is that no matter how many times and how many ways I return to a particular passage, there’s always something there that manages to surprise me!

Well, such is the case with our text for this morning; for in coming back this week to Mark’s account of how “one of the scribes” came to Jesus asking about which of the commandments is first and greatest of all, I was very surprised to discover that this actually is one of the rare instances in the gospels where Jesus and one of the religious leaders of his time actually… agree on something!

I mean, think about this with me for a moment:  here is Jesus, who long before this had established his overall opposition and basic animus for the practices of the religious establishment of his day; and then there’s this scribe, who’s not only a learned member of that religious establishment, but also part of the group who were intimately involved in the conspiracy to kill Jesus!  Add that to the fact that as we pick up the reading this morning, there had already been some rather intense words exchanged between Jesus and a series of representatives from the Pharisees, Herodians and Sadducees having to do with things like religious authority, the belief in resurrection and the legality of paying taxes unto Caesar; understanding, of course, that these “questions” had very little to do with theological discussion or debate and everything to do with at the very least undermining Jesus’ popularity amongst the people, or perhaps even trapping Jesus into saying something that could be branded as heresy, which would be most certainly be a punishable offense!  So it’s incredibly surprising that when this one, individual scribe – already, it should be pointed out here, impressed at how Jesus had answered those who had come before – asks this particular “frequently asked question” about the greatest commandment Jesus gives an answer on which they can both agree: simply put, it’s first to love God with your whole heart; and secondly, but just about as importantly, it’s to love your neighbor as yourself.

And that’s it; two simple commandments, dating back to the days of Moses, that would seem to encapsulate all the teachings of faith itself!  One could argue that there was a whole lot more that perhaps could have been said here; or that maybe Jesus should have seized the moment for a teaching about love leading to acts of righteousness or justice, or better yet, about the reality of hypocrisy regarding such matters!  But no, this time it’s just a simple response on Jesus’ part; and moreover, there’s nothing all that radical about what Jesus says here, nothing that any serious student of the Torah wouldn’t have already understood on some level!  But yet, it’s this very basic response that immediately leads to the scribe gushing about the correctness of Jesus’ answer, and it’s why Jesus could look to this scribe – the scribe, of all people (!) – and not only see that “he answered wisely,” but also be able say to this man who represented everything that was wrong with the practice of religion, “’You are not far from the kingdom of God.’”  For you see, whatever else divided them at that moment, where true faith was concerned they could agree on that which was the most important: to love God and to love others.

I must confess that even in my particular line of work, I don’t often get asked pointed questions about which of the commandments I feel to be the greatest.  I do, however, quite “frequently” get asked questions regarding what I think to be most important about faith, particularly among those who have been away from the church for a while, or who maybe are making their very steps toward faith.  Some want to know, for instance, how literally I take the Bible; or how, considering the world as it really is, how “optional” I would consider a few of the ten commandments to be (my answer to that has sometimes been to half-jokingly suggest that there’s a reason they’re not called “the ten suggestions,” but I’m not always sure that message is wholly understood!).

Some people will ask if I believe there’s a heaven and a hell; and more to the point, they want to know if everything they’ve done in the past could ever possibly qualify them for going to heaven when they die. They’re curious about this man Jesus, and they want to find out if he really is everything we Christians always say that he is; and though it’s not usually said in so many words, they truly want to know about salvation and redemption, and about things like confession and repentance; about love and grace (that’s next Sunday, by the way!); and what it means to be forgiven as well as to forgive.  Mostly, though, I have to say that in one way or the other the common thread running through all those questions is of what ends up being the most important facet of living a faithful life: of what it is we can and should do to best honor God; to obey Christ’s teaching in a way that pleases God and serves God by creating an atmosphere of justice, freedom and peace for all; and, ultimately, for each of us to be in this life the persons and the kind of people who we have been created to be from the beginning of our creation!

And I have to tell you – as a pastor, yes, but most especially as a person of faith – isn’t it interesting that the answer to this question of what’s most important turns out to be as simple – and as complicated (!) – as Jesus’ answer to that inquisitive scribe: first, to love God with our whole hearts, and second, to love our neighbor as ourselves.  This is, as the scribe noted, “much more important than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices,” to say nothing of all the countless little rules and regulations, precepts and traditions, limits and boundaries we create for ourselves all for the sake of at least trying to get everything right where faith is concerned!  And I say “trying,” because inevitably such attempts, however well-intentioned, end up falling short of the mark.  To love God, and to love others… that’s what Jesus says, and that’s the most important thing.

Don’t, however, get the idea that this altogether simplifies things where faith is concerned! I love what the Rev. David F. Sellery, pastor and writer from Connecticut, says about this:  “Sure we’ve heard the words over and over,” he writes. “But do we live them over and over?  Is the message fresh and alive in us… shaping our thoughts and actions today… or has familiarity bred neglect… leaving love of God and neighbor as sweet sentiments reserved for Sunday mornings.”

“Love is the total reason for our being,” Sellery goes on to say, “the sole purpose for our Creation and our unique place in it.  Love defines us.  It must be who we are and what we do. If not, we’re just taking up space and wasting time.”

Love God… with heart and soul and mind and strength… and love others… with the same intensity and depth by which God loves us, and after the same manner that we are meant to love ourselves.  As people of faith, it is both our mission in this generation and, might I add, the legacy that we leave for the next.  I’m actually reminded here of something that John Westerhoff wrote about our shared task of Bringing Up Children in the Christian Faith (his book of the same title).  He correctly asserts that we cannot rely on the culture in which we live to impart faith to our children; this, in fact, is a task that belongs to each of us as Christians, and all of us as the church.  Not that we can “give” them faith, per se; faith, writes Westerhoff, “is a gift from God given to both us and our children.  [But,] we are called to live faithfully in childlike ways with our children so that we both might know the gift of faith and live in its grace.”

So it is with the all-important commandments to love God and to love others.  Granted, our love, whatever its shape or form, can only be but a pale reflection of God’s love that, in Christ, “surpasses all knowledge” and understanding (Ephesians 3:19); nonetheless the kind of divine love that’s reflected in us serves as a palpable and lasting way that we give form, substance and meaning to every one of the joys and challenges, the laughter and sorrow, the excitement, the boredom and the utter routine of our daily lives.  Moreover, and I can’t stress this strongly enough, love isn’t always about our being nice!  Quite frankly, some of the worst affronts to love and justice and true “Christian” morality has come about because of a refusal to be anything less than “nice” about the evils around us that we ought to deplore.  Love, as God gives it, intends it and yes, commands it means that we are both accountable for our own behavior and responsible for nurturing one another and our world in ways that are moral, ethical and in keeping with the all-inclusive love of Jesus Christ.

At the end of the day, and at the beginning of each new day, it’s important… most important (!) in everything we do that we love God and love our neighbor. If I might throw in just one more quote, this time from Mother Teresa, “It is not how much we do that is pleasing to God, but how much love we put into the doing.”

That is what’s most important.

Did you hear the story about the wife who wrote a letter to her husband who was in prison for armed robbery?  It was coming on to this time of year, close to springtime, and so in the letter she asked her husband, “I’ve been wondering; what’s the best time to plant potatoes in our garden?”  And the husband immediately wrote back, “Whatever you do, don’t dig in the garden, because that’s where I’ve hidden all of my guns!”  Well, as you might imagine, the mail going in and out of prison was intercepted, and soon as the guards read that particular sentence several men were dispatched to go to the woman’s home and dig up every square foot of her garden plot from one end to the other; but even after all that, they didn’t find a single gun!  When the wife reported this in a letter back to her husband, the husband again quickly wrote back to say, “Alright, then; the garden is now ready for you to go ahead and plant the potatoes!”

Well, it strikes me that just as you can’t throw seeds on hardened ground but rather have to plant them in soil that’s been first tilled and nurtured, it’s also true that for God’s purposes to be fulfilled, our hearts and lives need to be opened up and carefully tended so that real love, divine love transformed into human love can take root there.

The thing is that most of us, I believe, have come here today wanting to be, trying to be and are committed to being faithful by way of loving God and loving others in and through our very lives.  And yes, I’ll admit that these are times when given the world around us and the forces that tempt us to other sorts of responses that commitment to love often becomes difficult and confusing.  But we know what’s important where faith is concerned; we want to do what’s right, we want to live as we ought, and at heart, I believe that each and all of us wants to be the best we can be before God; and what the Gospel tells us this morning is that, as the song goes, “all you need is love.”

But remember, friends,  what makes the difference is love that has source in the one who first loved us, who lived and died for us in the person of Jesus Christ, and who continues even now to bring us closer to him by his Holy Spirit.  This is love made real in his presence and his power; and it’s love that can and will transform us into something brand new; that we might truly love as we have been loved… today, tomorrow and in every day that comes.

Thanks be to God for that love we are given, and that we are challenged to share.

Amen and AMEN!

c. 2018  Rev. Michael W. Lowry

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Posted by on March 11, 2018 in Faith, Jesus, Lent, Love, Sermon, Sermon Series


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Not Far From the Kingdom of God

01e99137bb215755f80e00f45f95fe981b889b8043(a sermon for November 1, 2015, the 23rd Sunday after Pentecost, based on Mark 12:28-34 and Deuteronomy 6:1-9)

I suspect that every set of parents can vouch for the fact that they have, in actuality, two sets of children.

The first is, of course, the children they see every day: the ones they love dearly but who nonetheless can tend to be, shall we say, taxing from time to time.  These are the children who don’t pick up their clothes off the floor, who burp at the dinner table, who put up a fuss about having to do some extra jobs around the house, who will not only “sport an attitude” from time to time, but who will also show forth the occasional fit of temper, complete with foot stomping and door slamming!  But then there’s the other set of children: the ones that the grandparents tell you about; the children who go for meals and sleepovers at friends’ houses.  These kids are the ones who are incredibly polite at the table; they offer to help out with the dishes after supper; they make conversation and actually laugh in the face of household chores!  Many is the parent – myself among them, for I remember this very well (!) – who has heard of the wonderful behavior of these rare individuals, only to look at their own children and ask, “Who are these people?” What a shock to find out that both sets of children are in fact one and the same!

Of course, over 28 years and three now grown children I’ve come to understand this phenomenon; it’s just that when we, as parents, ask our kids to do such things it’s a requirement, part of the day to day rules of the house. And so their attitude often becomes that you have to do it and you do it; but nobody can make you be happy about it, and you certainly don’t need to give it your whole heart!  But when someone like Grammie asks you to do it, those heretofore horribly menial tasks take on a whole new meaning!  It’s pretty simple; I mean, you love Grammie, and Grammie is always doing nice things for you, so you’re only so pleased to repay that kindness by doing anything for her that will make her happy; and so consequently and miraculously a whole lot gets done!  There were actually times “back in the day” when I remember looking at this alternate set of children in our house, and wondering to myself why Grammie couldn’t just stay around forever!

Well, actually, there’s an analogy to be made between this and our text for this morning, in which one of the scribes comes to Jesus and asks the question, “Which commandment is the first of all?”  Now, we’re not told precisely why this scribe was moved to ask this question of Jesus (although Mark does point out that amidst all the questions that had been hurled at Jesus by the Pharisees in order to “trap him in what he said,” this particular scribe had taken note that Jesus “answered them well”); but we do know that being a scribe, this man would no doubt have been well-versed in all 613 different divine laws that could be identified in scripture; also that along with other scribes, he’d probably discussed and debated the relative weight and importance of each and every one of those laws: from “thou shalt not kill,” to all the dietary laws and everything in between.  So maybe it was simply another question designed to ferret out Jesus’ true motives; or perhaps there was some genuine theological curiosity in what Jesus might say to a question like this; because in truth of fact, it’s a good one:  with such a long list of commandments, which one is the most important?  Which of the commandments brings us the closest to God?

And Jesus answers it simply:  first, he says, drawing directly from the passage in Deuteronomy from which we read this morning: it’s to “love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength,” and second, it’s “to love your neighbor as yourself.”  And then, when the scribe affirms the truth of Jesus’ words, as well he should, that following these two commandments are “much more important than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifice,” Jesus says to the scribe, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.”

Love God, and love neighbor… and you are not far from the kingdom of God!

It’s a powerful statement; and, I might add, one of those passages of scripture that has become so familiar to our ears it risks losing its true meaning for us.  Because understand that what this scribe learns from Jesus is the radical truth that there is a difference between simply observing the law of God on the one hand and actually embracing the truth within that law on the other; which is to let that truth dwell in heart, soul, body and spirit, thus becoming motivated to follow that law with everything you are!

In other words, all the burnt offerings and sacrifices, all the verbal and physical confessions of faith, all strict adherence to the God’s many “thous shalts” and “thou shalt nots:” these are important to be sure; but what Jesus is saying is that where the kingdom of God is concerned none of that really matters unless it is motivated by love: the love of God and the love of others.  Just like children who seek to do their best when they’re motivated by their love for a grandparent or some other person dear to them, we are not far from the kingdom of God when out of our deep and sincere love of God we’re seeking to do that which God would have us do in love!

It is said that somewhere in Europe, there is a beautiful park where there’s this huge flower bed on which is posted a sign with a message written in three languages.  In German, the sign says, “Picking flowers is prohibited.”  In English, “Please do not pick the flowers.”  But in French, the sign says, “Those who love flowers will not pick them.”

That’s the difference, you see, between following the letter of the law and embracing its spirit.  There are so many people – people of faith, mind you – who are motivated to do God’s will based on something other than love.  It might be the belief, as that of the Pharisees, that only by correctly following every rule and regulation comes the only hope of gaining God’s approval and righteousness; or it might come out of a fear for what theologians call “retributive justice,” which basically means that if you disobey God, God will strike back at you!  It’s true; people will do what they have to do, even the right thing to do, for a whole lot of different reasons.  But it’s only when we live lives motivated by love; only when we act with sincere heart and sincere purpose, trying to love as God loves and as God would have us love; that is when we find ourselves nearby to God’s kingdom within us and around us.

Of course, as simple as Jesus makes that sound, we know better, don’t we?  It’s one thing to hear this commandment to love; it’s quite another to make it a reality in our lives and relationships.  Frankly, it’s hard sometimes to love and honor all people, because in all honesty some people come off as being pretty much unlovable!  But therein is where the commandment comes alive, for this is how God loves us! The Rev. Alex Thomas, a retired Anglican priest in British Columbia, says this well when he writes of the years he worked as a pastoral counselor to those struggling with addiction; though I have to say that this applies to a whole variety of relationships.  He says, “When I worked in the field of addictions, people tried to manipulate me, they were angry with me, they swore at me, they threatened to kill me, pointed a gun at me, they were downright miserable. [And] sometimes I didn’t like them.  I didn’t see them affectionately.  At times I had to be hard with them.  I had to stand tough.  However through it all I tried to act in love… I wanted the best for them… I wanted them to grow… I wanted healing for them.  I believe Love to be actively promoting goodwill, helpfulness, healing and growth.”

If I can put that another way, love means living life in such a way that bears witness to God’s truth; it means acting in such a way that is a reflection of God’s love in the world; and that means remembering that there is a place for both “warm and fuzzy caring” and “tough love!”  The bottom line is that these two commandments, to love God and to love neighbor, reveal to us just how fully committed to God we’re supposed to be!  We are to love God with our whole being, friends; not simply with what’s left over from attending to all the other priorities of our lives.  Every breath we take should be imbued with praise and thanksgiving; every thought we have should be focused on our relationship with God in and through our daily lives; and every action taken is to be a response to God and the love God has given us.  A life of faith is not to be selective, self-serving, or self-righteous, but willing to be humble in its nature and all-inclusive in its scope.

To love God and to love neighbor?  If you love God, you have to love neighbor; it’s not possible to have one without the other! And it does sometimes require steadfast determination – not to mention patience, a spirit of forgiveness, and more than a little bit of self-sacrifice (!) – but if you can be in that place of love; if you can “get over yourself” long enough to truly and actively love God and God’s people, well then… you’re going to find yourself not too far from the Kingdom of God!

Perhaps you’ve heard the little poem, attributed to the 18th century English poet William Blake that speaks to all of this:

I sought my soul, but my soul I could not see.
I sought my God, by my God eluded me.
I sought my brother and I found all three.

Beloved, God’s law tells us the way of life; but the larger truth is that you and I are unable to truly embrace that way of life unless we are willing to love.  If we are to remain near to God; if we are truly be the kind of people – and, might I add, the kind of church – that God would have us be, then love needs to be near to us as well:  love on our lips that speak the words that should be said; love in our hearts that assure that what is spoken is truth; love in hard-working hands that lift up the fallen, and love in walking feet that will surely go the extra mile and beyond.

What we are talking about here is love that brings God’s life and God’s purpose to the world; which is not far at all from the kingdom of God.

May we be followers of God’s law and purveyors of God’s love as we go out into the world this week; and as we do…

… may our thanks be to God!


c. 2015  Rev. Michael W. Lowry

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Posted by on November 1, 2015 in Faith, Jesus, Love, Old Testament, Sermon


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